/Contents 110 0 R /Contents 152 0 R << /Resources 185 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. /Contents 156 0 R endobj /Type /Page One has a narrower economic focus on production, /Contents 128 0 R It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. 0000026997 00000 n >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 170 0 R 0000000016 00000 n "6�},)�P�i���[email protected]�T��KxB�)o^a�W�,}�+�N �an��սȔ5� /Resources 171 0 R 67 0 obj As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. /CropBox [0 28.2960090637 923.2640380859 635.5599975586] endobj /Type /Page activities required for a means of living. >> /Rotate 0 >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page /Resources 177 0 R >> /kms_Breadcrumb () 2 0 obj /Parent 9 0 R 65 0 obj Coelli, T.J. 1996. /Rotate 0 /Contents 116 0 R /Parent 11 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Subtype /XML endobj /Resources 83 0 R The evidence gathered from exploring twelve successful examples suggests that effective incorporation of the good principles of development associated with the sustainable livelihood (SL) approach is required to set the stage for reducing poverty. >> /Parent 8 0 R /Resources 79 0 R /Rotate 0 /Parent 11 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Count 5 /Type /Page /Parent 9 0 R How have Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approaches been used and adapted in recent years? /Length 197 0 R << /Type /Page /Rotate 0 << << >> << Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. /ExtGState 195 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj ensure livelihood outcomes are achieved and not thwarted by overlooked factors. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 47 0 obj endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << In the Rio+20 outcome document, member States agreed that sustainable development goals (SDGs) must: Be based on Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. /Rotate 0 >> The Sustainable Livelihoods approach to poverty.....10 4. uuid:e20536eb-367b-48d6-b09b-30780f5052bb >> /Rotate 0 >> 8u]lm�M�yF�F/�OG}@�z�>�3D��g�Җ��4�Uպ�ݷk% /Rotate 0 /Resources 189 0 R /Contents 154 0 R endobj /Contents 166 0 R 0000025477 00000 n /Contents 190 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000025359 00000 n 0000026098 00000 n /Kids [13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 1 0 obj /ModDate (D:20090524131453-04'00') >> /Parent 10 0 R /Type /Page The SL framework is not a strait-jacket; it should be applied flexibly, rather than becoming over-codified and obligatory. /ColorSpace 196 0 R /Contents 172 0 R >> /Resources 137 0 R 48 0 obj You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj SL approaches compared: UNDP ... provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the local and global levels and in the short and long term. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] ��������A�C��� ����Q � ��z�s��K�W�6[�r&G����wS�dVE��E�OR�B�I�2�CZOE��Ҍ@ͽ$:��zH�?_�Q�0� f��c%�;F,�#�[��y+�x�G���7�êv0��?����[#5���h�H=�;�FlZ`e`,Zp���8肧�+���Kv�N :�N�K�3E1o�(^�[�--��|�Ms���o����qJ��~�"��뤓�FjF���VmN�1�7?u���{�cK�Y۞����S. /Resources 113 0 R /Resources 101 0 R /Resources 187 0 R << The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. /Parent 6 0 R endobj << standard of living through sustainable livelihood approach. Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) has been evolved from the notion of intentional development as a response to the failure of top-down development (Morse and McNamara, 2013, pp.17-18). 3 Sustainable livelihood approach for assessing community resilience to climate change: case studies from Sudan1 Balgis Osman Elasha2, Nagmeldin Goutbi Elhassan, Hanafi Ahmed, and Sumaya Zakieldin Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, Sudan /Rotate 0 21 0 obj >> /Type /Page Livelihoods Approach to Emergency Food Security Assessments 3. /Resources 163 0 R /Rotate 0 << /Pages 3 0 R Poverty /Type /Page The analysis indicates that the SL principles addressing social inclusivity and environmental sustainability are key. >> /Resources 73 0 R << >> 0000003333 00000 n 58 0 obj 55 0 obj IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 endobj /XObject 194 0 R /Contents 158 0 R /Rotate 0 /Type /Page endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 0000025627 00000 n 0000002938 00000 n /Type /Page ( ��-�0T�T�U;O7E�m�[W��r���J*�)��kN�E/[��4;�� 0 ��:w�-�S&DO�I!iWp��'��/������^ /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 /kms_IssueNumber (162) /Resources 117 0 R >> 0000004407 00000 n /kms_DocumentSource () << endobj /Parent 11 0 R /Kids [54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R 57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R] << Environmental Sustainability A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which the livelihood depends. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /Contents 174 0 R << 0000006278 00000 n organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. endobj The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 15 0 obj /Rotate 0 50 0 obj /Rotate 0 India << /Kids [64 0 R 65 0 R 66 0 R 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R] /Parent 12 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Contents 80 0 R /Type /Page /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /kms_Test () /Rotate 0 The members, particularly the field staff, were briefed on the objective of the project, its activity components and the approach. /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 /Parent 11 0 R /Contents 132 0 R endobj The integration of SLA into policymaking is the one of the grounds to assert the claim that the concept is absolutely relevant in tackling the problems of climate change (Reed & Ritsema, 2013, pp.67). /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 >> /Type /Page endobj /Rotate 0 /Resources 155 0 R If designed appropriately (e.g. /Contents 114 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << 0000001509 00000 n Chambers and Conway (1991) stated that a livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << 1.2 Livelihood assessment Livelihood assessment is a way of looking at how an individual, a household, or 4�ا\�H� �V9~�FC��A�b")25� 2009-05-24T13:14:53-04:00 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] The major proponents of the sustainable livelihoods approach have developed many case studies and guidelines to address the contrasts in practice between sustainable livelihoods and current practice, common across many sectors including health, education and agriculture, to name a few. /Contents 168 0 R >> /Parent 3 0 R /Rotate 0 /Resources 109 0 R /Resources 167 0 R /Type /Page /kms_PublishersUrl () endobj 0000024486 00000 n Robert Chambers (mid 1980s) Livelihood. 0000003134 00000 n /Contents 86 0 R The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. /Kids [34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R] /Contents 160 0 R /Resources 147 0 R /Type /Page SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS METHODS OVERVIEW 4.1 Although the term ‘methods’ is used as overall shorthand, it is important to note that data sources differ from the approaches employed when gathering data, and from alternative perspectives on problems or types of data analysis. questionnaire consisted of questions corresponding to the sustainable livelihood framework including (1) human assets (2) financial assets and major sources of income (3) physical and natural assets and (4) social assets. << endobj In the late 1990s the sustainable livelihoods approach gained momentum in … /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] In particular, the sustainable livelihoods approach stresses the importance of understanding institutions by mapping the institutional framework and linking the micro to the macro and the formal to the informal Therefore, it calls for a new style of policy appraisal that moves from universal prescriptions to context-specific approaches that allow alternative, local perspectives to reveal … You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. /Resources 141 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 90 0 R /Rotate 0 The basic idea of the sustainable livelihood approach is based on fivepillars, the fivelivelihood assets: human capital, social capital, physical capital, natural capital, and financial capital. /Parent 10 0 R /Parent 10 0 R 0000025918 00000 n However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. endobj 0 << /Resources 173 0 R /Type /Page endobj /Rotate 0 endobj << /Count 10 /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /kms_PublisherNames (Overseas Development Institute \(ODI\), London, UK) 0000024624 00000 n /Contents 192 0 R 66 0 obj endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 0000024902 00000 n function approach. /Resources 103 0 R /Type /Page 64 0 obj Figure 2.9 – The Sustainable Livelihood model in the DFID Guidelines (DFID 1999, figure 1, p.1) Figure 2.10 – The dynamic nature of assets in a modern development economics scenario (Sayer and Campbell 2001, figure 10, p.218) >> The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. stream /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 32 0 obj application/pdf /Type /Page Enumerator ID: /Type /Page /Resources 75 0 R /Parent 6 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 74 0 obj (Chambers 1994). /Type /Page /Type /Page /Type /Page 0000024108 00000 n @�R�:�p 11 0 obj India, Poverty, Poverty Alleviation, Poverty Reduction Strategies, Public Policy, Research Papers & Working Papers, Sustainable Development, Urban Development /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 1996. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 182 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 22 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 40 0 obj Common approaches for assessing livelihoods We will now compare eight livelihoods assessment approaches to inform food security analysis: 1. /Type /Page 0000026300 00000 n /Type /Page << /MediaBox [0 0 935 1276] /Type /Page Marine Policy 25: 377-388 Anderson, L.G. xref /Rotate 0 >> >> << /Rotate 0 << /Parent 12 0 R /Resources 169 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 53 0 obj 39 0 obj Sustainable Livelihoods in the Urban Setting 9 3.1 Vulnerability 9 3.2 Access to capital assets 17 ... of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, 33 0 obj endobj << /Resources 153 0 R >> /Parent 9 0 R >> The Sustainable Rural Livelihood Approach was considered to be the most promising of the various options. /Resources 179 0 R << /kms_ShortTitle () /Rotate 0 endobj /Parent 7 0 R In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. 2002-04-16T16:18:20Z /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Kids [24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R] sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). endobj << 37 0 obj << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] The key to effective SL analysis is to be flexible, �t�̋���!�qn�F�=JS\��y��X���X�!u; endobj /Type /Page 0000003966 00000 n << Questionnaire related to the development of Sustainable Development Goals. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << /Parent 3 0 R This chapter presents livelihood analysis concepts, and provides an operational model for livelihood analysis in the context of wetland systems. /kms_Price () /Count 60 0000002799 00000 n 24 0 obj << << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 159 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 29 0 obj 17 0 obj /Parent 6 0 R /Parent 11 0 R /Contents 178 0 R /kms_Title (Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches in Urban Areas) /Type /Page The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. The economics of Fisheries Management. /Rotate 0 << /Count 10 /Rotate 0 This paper by Diana Carney reviews the diverse uses and users of SL over the past five years. /Resources 175 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 122 0 R 13 0 obj 43 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 27 0 obj 0000027044 00000 n /kms_VolumeNumber () 0000027091 00000 n DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). 0000026395 00000 n /Parent 3 0 R Social Sustainability A livelihood is socially sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, and provide for future generations. /Resources 161 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Rotate 0 >> /Type /Pages >> /Parent 10 0 R 0000025965 00000 n /CreationDate (D:20020416161820Z) 4 0 obj /Type /Pages /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] TOURISM FOR SUSTAINABLE LOCAL LIVELIHOOD AND NATURE CONSERVATION A Case of Lake Manyara National Park. /Contents 144 0 R /Contents 140 0 R /Rotate 0 0000005301 00000 n >> /Contents 74 0 R Analyzes was done using Tesch It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 9 0 R /Parent 8 0 R 0000024361 00000 n Fully respect all the Rio Principles. /Parent 8 0 R /Parent 6 0 R endobj /Parent 8 0 R 0000024764 00000 n 0000026487 00000 n ���'w>��@�Y���Z�x�T�T��ɉ�JE�Q�P��>e7 � /Type /Page /Contents 92 0 R /Resources 145 0 R /Resources 133 0 R 0000023859 00000 n /Rotate 0 Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. endobj /Parent 12 0 R /Type /Pages Identification of Factors which Influence the Technical /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /Resources 143 0 R /Contents 138 0 R 0000026441 00000 n /Contents 124 0 R >> /Kids [6 0 R 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R] /Resources 99 0 R << /Parent 3 0 R The mean values or share of total net income from various livelihood activities are significantly different for the two survey methods for all categories, with the exception of the relative shares of income from livestock products and other income. 0000025524 00000 n /Contents 176 0 R << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 8 0 R 38 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 12 The largest differences are observed for agriculture (+12.3% for disaggregated approach), business (+6.6% for disaggregated approach), and … /Count 10 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks.” CARE, UNDP, Oxfam and IISD were some of the early adopters of sustainable livelihoods methodologies. >> << << /Rotate 0 >> 4414 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. /Rotate 0 30 0 obj Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). /Parent 12 0 R %���� Public Policy /Parent 7 0 R /Type /Page /Contents 180 0 R 62 0 obj In which areas could the approach be adjusted, in order to contribute more to development? ... hold livelihood strategies in rural Africa: concepts, dynamics, and policy implications. questionnaire for the analysis. << >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 112 0 R /Resources 95 0 R endobj 0000026145 00000 n /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Research Papers & Working Papers /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /Rotate 0 >> 63 0 obj 19 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] �� �h�,����a_�y����mz��u��q�W������M�c�!���`����{����+��:�%��՗o|R!Κߦ: endobj /Parent 3 0 R Economic Security Analysis Approach 5. /Type /Catalog /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 0000024289 00000 n 31 0 obj 14 0 obj /Type /Page 59 0 obj << /Resources 107 0 R /Type /Page << /Contents 146 0 R endobj 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. >> >> /Rotate 0 >> 36 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 Livelihoods of the various options policy implications strategies in Rural Africa: concepts,,! 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sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire 2021