Nigeria also has a high fertility rate—five children per woman in 2014—which also impacts the MMR. This means that millions of births are not assisted by a midwife, a doctor or a trained nurse. In fact, a Nigerian woman has a 1 in 22 lifetime risk of dying during pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum/post-abortion; whereas in the most developed countries, the lifetime risk is 1 in 4900. Urban women have more of an opportunity to receive healthcare than rural women do. Nearly 100% of global maternal deaths occur in developing countries with more than half of these deaths occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third happening in South Asia. Fistulas are directly connected to obstructed labor, a problem that contributes to high levels of maternal mortality. 25 June 2019, Geneva – Information is essential for change, but in settings where information is not readily available, epidemiological research becomes one of the most powerful sources of information for change. In addition, WHO advocates for more affordable and effective treatments, designs training materials and guidelines for health workers, and supports countries to implement policies and programmes and monitor progress. The current infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2021 is 57.701 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.5% decline from 2020.; The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.44% decline from 2019. Currently, Nigeria has the second highest burden of maternal mortality in the world and contributes about 15 percent of the annual total global deaths which represent two percent of the global population. Government poised to address maternal mortality. Fifteen years earlier, the figure was slightly lower at 800 deaths per 100,000. This systematic review aims at describing and indirectly measuring the effect of the Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (MNCH) interventions implemented in Nigeria from 1990 to 2014. 25 June 2019, Geneva – Information is essential for change, but in settings where information is not readily available, epidemiological research becomes one of the most powerful sources of information for change. The Nigerian’s maternal mortality rates of 350 per 100,000 and 120 for 1,000 live birth is still very high compared to the regional average and other developed countries [19]. the problem of infant-maternal mortality rate is in Nigeria and second, between 2016 and 2017 health spending witnessed 1.70% increment, while it plummeted by 7.80% between 2017 and 2018. 1.1 Background to the Study Maternal mortality remains the leading cause of death and disability for reproductive-age women in resource-poor countries. CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Maternal mortality, also known a maternal death, continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age in many countries and remains a serious public health issue especially in developing countries (WHO 2007). Sources: UNICEF, WHO 1 WHO 2, WHO 3, WHO 3, Global One Girls not Brides, IRIN News CIA World Factbook There are many reasons why maternal mortality in Nigeria is so high, including a lack of access to healthcare, rampant poverty, substandard health care and the prevalence of child marriage. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg. Also it is of great importance to the Nigeria government, because of its positive effect on national development, through death control measures to enhance economic growth, and it will also provide pregnant women and nursing mothers with the necessary skill needed to control infant and maternal mortality, and finally it will equip the graduates with the awareness of the consequent effect of infant and maternal mortality … Objectives: To determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality as well as its temporal distribution over the last decade (1990–1999).Study design: All maternal deaths recorded within the study period in the State of Kano, Northern Nigeria, were analyzed. In 2015, Nigeria’s estimated maternal mortality ratio was over 800 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births, with approximately 58 000 maternal deaths during that year. The supplement helps readers understand the reasons for the high intra-hospital deaths associated with pregnancy-related complications. As UNICEF states, Nigeria loses 145 women to maternal mortality each day. Nigeria maternal mortality rate for 2014 was 943.00, a 0.84% decline from 2013. Close to 200 million people inhabit Nigeria, considered Africa’s most populous country. If Nigeria wants to reduce its high levels of maternal mortality, it has to make sure that access to healthcare is more widespread. In fact, a Nigerian woman has a 1 in 22 lifetime risk of dying during pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum/post-abortion; whereas in the most developed countries, the lifetime risk is 1 in 4900. EFFECTS OF INFANT AND MATERNAL MORTALITY ON THE ECONOMY OF NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF ASABA AND ITS ENVIRONS, DELTA STATE. Even if women survive labor, many of them still have to live with the fistula. This high level of maternal mortality is also linked to Nigeria’s high rate of deaths for children under 5—newborns account for a quarter of the under-five deaths which occur in the country. 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