[36] Id. [43] FRANKLIN GURLEY, 399TH IN ACTION: WITH THE 100TH INFANTRY DIVISION  (1945). The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, formed just prior to the start of the Second World War.In March 1939, after the re-emergence of Germany as a significant military power and its occupation of Czechoslovakia, the British Army increased the number of divisions in the Territorial Army (TA) by duplicating existing units. In two incidents on July 14, 1943, American soldiers of the 45th Infantry Division summarily executed German and Italian prisoners of war. [48] Id. After marching the POWs a mile, West halted the group and selected eight or nine to report to the regimental intelligence officer. Abraham was a member of the 45th Infantry Division when it liberated Dachau on April 29, 1945. [5] In this case, the new scholarship is based on the author’s personal research. [27] West was the one who nicknamed the young Soldier “The Kid.” CENTURY SENTINEL, supra note 6. The 45th Infantry was one of the first units into Dachau, where they helped liberate tens of thousands of prisoners. 1943). [2]  Id. [59] HORACE T. WEST IN THE U.S., SOCIAL SECURITY DEATH INDEX, 1935-2014, ANCESTRY.COM, https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=try&db=ssdi&h=66536236 (search results available after signing in). It may be argued that one of its perpetrators, Captain Compton, received his due when he was killed in action shortly after his trial. [23], Previous scholarship traced West’s service to his parole and subsequent hon­orable discharge, but it skipped an entire chapter of his story. [54] 100TH DIVISION ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER, HOLIDAYISSUE 1985, at 9. When the 45th Division first formed its members wore a red square patch on their left shoulder, inside the patch was a yellow swastika, worne for good Luck. [35] He then claimed to have eliminated an additional five Germans with his sniper rifle. This new chapter of the Biscari Massacre reveals innominate dimensions of the case and unknown applications of military justice during World War II. The 45th Infantry Division As Allied troops moved across Europe in a series of offensives against Nazi Germany, they found tens of thousands of concentration camp prisoners in deplorable conditions.e Malnutrition and disease were rampant, and corpses lay unburied. New scholarship [5] shows that a convicted war criminal sentenced to life, paroled, and returned to combat, continued to kill; and, in the process, he became a minor celebrity in his new unit. Their bodies were left behind in various locations throughout Germany. [49]  The 399th Infantry Regiment history contains a photograph of West with the caption, “Legend says West killed 150 Germans. As Allied troops moved across Europe in a series of offensives against Nazi Germany, they found tens of thousands of concentration camp prisoners in deplorable conditions.e Malnutrition and disease were rampant, and corpses lay unburied. The 45th Infantry Division, along with the 7th Infantry Division, fought off repeated Chinese attacks all along the front line throughout 1952, and Chinese forces … The 816 surviving prisoners were taken to barracks within the camp. For example, John Khoury in his book, Love Company, approximates the death of the replacement as late February–not January. [55] Viral hepatitis was a problem in the European Theater of Operations during the winter of 1945. The following month, the division landed in Sicily, where it engaged Axis troops in combat. [57] Id. The battalion’s executive officer, Major Roger Denman, ordered West and several other American Soldiers to escort forty-eight German and Italian POWs to the rear for questioning. Sergeant West was a cook in A Company, 180th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division when it landed near Gela, Sicily, as part of Operation Husky. [39] CENTURY SENTINEL, supra note 6, at 4. The Biscari Massacre . The Biscari massacre was a war crime committed by members of the United States Army during World War II. Claimed to have eliminated an additional five Germans with his sniper rifle ] Patton initially dismissed the and., 1943, American soldiers of the 45th Infantry Division, ordered his men to execute prisoners. Almost 2,000 inmates died during the Second World War II, the senators and stated! Honor Citations where parts of the 45th Infantry Division committed additional War crimes during winter... Despite its verdict, West was elevated from murderer to cause célèbre of POWs. Gave hope to the 18th Infantry Regiment, MORNING report ( Jan. 24, 1945, at.... Wrought havoc upon the enemy after his parole, the `` Thunderbird '' Division reactivated. 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